The most important, according to the EEA (1998), is soil contamination. [7], In addition to the usual types of land degradation that have been known for centuries (water, wind and mechanical erosion, physical, chemical and biological degradation), four other types have emerged in the last 50 years:[8]. These two factors combine to explain the degree of vulnerability. 3. Soil erosion is one of the factors responsible for lad degradation. Define degradation. Land degradation can therefore be defined as the misuse of land or the deterioration in the quality of the land through excessive exploitation of the land. [1] It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. Desertification & Land Degradation. Copyright 10. Prohibited Content 3. Increasing growth of population and demand for more residential areas and commercial sectors is also one of the reasons for land degradation. Find more ways to say degradation, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. How to use land in a sentence. Land Degradation: Meaning, Definitions, Causes and impacts. The modern agricultural practises, excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides has adversely degraded the natural quality and fertility of the cultivation land. What’s more, full degradation might mean that it is also unrecoverable. Another word for degradation. [5], The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 15 has a target to restore degraded land and soil and achieve a land degradation-neutral world by 2030.[6]. Loss of natural fertility of soil because of loss of nutrients. land degradation definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, land degradation meaning explained, see also 'land up',land mass',land mine',common land', English vocabulary Image Courtesy : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karst_following_phosphate_mining_on_Nauru.jpg. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by one or more combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. In turn, unsustainable land use is driving land degradation. Significant land degradation from seawater inundation, particularly in river deltas and on low-lying islands, is a potential hazard that was identified in a 2007 IPCC report. Policies and programmes to halt and reverse land degradation have long suffered from the absence of a clear overarching goal and quantitative, time-bound targets to guide action and make measurable progress. The condition of the soil is one of the best indicators of land degradation. [4], According to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: "About a quarter of the Earth's ice-free land area is subject to human-induced degradation (medium confidence). Degradation definition is - the act or process of degrading. A decline to a lower condition, quality, or level. Surface Runoff Surface runoff is a natural type of land erosion that occurs when excess water from storms and melting snow carries soil away. The highest numbers of people affected are in South and East Asia, the circum Sahara region including North Africa, and the Middle East including the Arabian Peninsula (low confidence). Image Guidelines 5. Although there is a link between land degradation and conflict, we should be careful not to blame the victims. Degraded land is land that has lost some degree of its natural productivity due to human-caused processes. Pollution of water resources from the contamination of soil through which water sweeps into ground or runoff to the water bodies. This type of farming is usually practiced across the hill side and is useful in collecting and diverting the run off to avoid erosion. Also, environmental degradation aspects such as deforestation and mining destroy the natural land cover. A definition of land degradation with examples. To fill this knowledge gap, soil degradation simply means the decline in soil quality which comes about due to aspects such as improper land use, agriculture, and pasture, urban or industrial purposes. [12] It also refers to the ability of the region to return to its original state after being changed in some way. Land degradation also has serious knock-on effects for humans, such as malnutrition, disease, forced migration, cultural damage, and even war. The resilience of a landscape can be increased or decreased through human interaction based upon different methods of land-use management. It is a significant factor in Afghanistan. Land degradation means loss in the capacity of a given land to support the growth of useful plants on a sustained basis. A general definition of land degradation is presented by Wasson (1987) as: "Land degradation is a change to land that makes it less useful for human beings". All are induced or aggravated by human activities, e.g. This is particularly the case for populations living in rural areas where most of the poor people reside: estimates report that 80% of the extreme poor live in rural areas and 65% work in the agricultural sector. Land degradation may occur due to intensive agricultural practices. Winter-Nelson. When these normally waterlogged soils are exposed to air by drainage or drought, the iron sulphides oxidise produc- It thus covers the various forms of soil degradation, adverse human impacts on water resources, deforestation, and lowering of the productive capacity of rangelands. 24 examples: Inevitably, the purchase of more livestock in the situation of decreasing land… Degradation of the natural environment is a worldwide problem, and some examples are quite ancient. Environmental degradation can alters some of the natural process such as the water cycle and the normal processes of animal and plant activities. Land degradation is the major consequences of direct interference of human activities in the natural phenomenon. Usually land degrad ation is described in terms of the loss It is one of the agricultural practice in which different crops are grown in same area following a rotation system which helps in replenishment of the soil. According to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate change in one of the causes of land degradation. Some information for local and regional scales is available and has been reviewed by Lal (1998). Land degradation threatens the livelihoods of billions of people around the world . 0 generation 2030. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) has been defined by the Parties to the Convention as: A state whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within … 2. Another word for degradation. But just what is the meaning of land pollution? Other kinds of land degradation are as water-logging, chemical contamination, acidification, salinity and alkalinity etc. Land degradation is any reduction or loss in the biological or economic productive capacity of the land resource base. Soil that is contaminated becomes less productive and this reduces the value of land. The causes of land degradation can be dividedinto natural hazards, direct causes, and underlying causes. DEGRADATION Meaning: "a reduction in rank or dignity," from French dégradation (14c., Old French degradacion), noun of action… See definitions of degradation. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Environmental degradation is the deterioration (causing degenerative harm) of the environment through exhaustion of natural assets such as water, soil, and air including the ecosystem, habitat intrusion, wildlife extermination, and environmental pollution. 40 guest articles. 5. Degradation of soil as a result of Erosion 2. Space Applications Centre (SAC), ISRO has released out an inventory and monitoring of desertification of the entire country in 2016. Severe land degradation affects a significant portion of the Earth's arable lands, decreasing the wealth and economic development of nations. The result is a loss of land productivity with impacts on livelihoods and Land shortage and poverty, taken together, lead to non-sustainable land management practices, meaning the direct causes of degradation. The act or process of degrading. What is Soil Degradation? Underlying drivers of land degradation, says the report, are the high-consumption lifestyles in the most developed economies, combined with rising consumption in … Defining Land Degradation and Improvement "Land'"includes not only the soil resource, but also the water, vegetation, landscape, and microclimatic components ofan ecosystem.! A decline to a lower condition, quality, or level. Naturally occurring, iron-sulphides underlie large areas of Australia’s low-lying coastal areas. It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. In Canada, for example, on-farm effects of land degradation were estimated to range from US$700 to US$915 million in 1984 (Girt, 1986). The act or process of degrading. There are four main ways of looking at land degradation and its impact on the environment around it: A problem with defining land degradation is that what one group of people might view as degradation, others might view as a benefit or opportunity. Soil degradation is the decline in soil condition caused by its improper use or poor management, usually for agricultural, industrial or urban purposes. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) has been defined by the Parties to the Convention as: A state whereby the amount and quality of land resources, necessary to support ecosystem functions and services and enhance food security, remains stable or increases within … The economic impact of land degradation is extremely severe in densely populated South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. Privacy Policy 8. This is measured through a base line in the form of pre-existing risk of crisis or destruction. In 2015, about 500 (380–620) million people lived within areas which experienced desertification between the year 1980s and 2000s. However, there is no single internationally-approved definition of “degraded land”. Land degradation. Video shows what land degradation means. [7] Sensitivity is the degree to which a land system undergoes change due to natural forces, human intervention or a combination of both. Many people do conceive the idea of soil degradation but a good number lacks the knowledge of its precise definition. 4. 2 Land degradation affects people and ecosystems throughout the planet and is both affected by 3 climate change and contributes to it. The decline in the overall quality of soil, water or vegetation condition commonly caused by human activities.. Land degradation Meaning… Desertification and land degradation can contribute to local warming by reducing plant cover and increasing soil exposure, which changes the energy balance of an area. Land degradation is a negative change in the quality of land, usually induced by a mixture of natural and man-made causes. Bowen, D.E. Meaning of Land Pollution. Crummey, J.S. In this report, land degradation is defined as a negative trend 4 in land condition, caused by direct or indirect human-induced processes including anthropogenic Land degradation can also refer to the deterioration or destruction of vegetation and water resources. "Land degradation" refers to a temporary or permanent decline in the productive capacity ofthe land,2 or its potential for environmental management.3 "Land improvement" A form of land degradation associated with the coast is acid sulfate soils. TOS 7. It negatively affects food production, livelihoods, and the production and provision of other ecosystem goods and services. However, there is no single internationally-approved definition of “degraded land”. 2 Land degradation affects people and ecosystems throughout the planet and is both affected by 3 climate change and contributes to it. It is a serious environmental problem. Overgrazing refers to excessive eating of grasses and other green plants by cattle. environmental degradation Word Origin mid 16th cent. Overgrazing is the grazing of natural pastures at stocking intensities above the livestock carrying capacity; the resulting decrease in the vegetation cover is a leading cause of wind and water erosion. Hence shrinking of the land resource base is a big problem before developing country like India. Avoiding land degradation through sustainable land management can generate up to USD 1.4 trillion of economic benefits. Land degradation is damage to land that makes it less economically useful and less biologically diverse. degradation definition: 1. the process in which the beauty or quality of something is destroyed or spoiled: 2. the…. Disclaimer 9. Land degradation is a global challenge that affects everybody through food insecurity and higher food prices, through climate change and environmental hazards, and through the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Land degradation is caused by multiple forces, including extreme weather conditions, particularly drought. According to Central European University, Land degradation has different forms and causes. Loss of natural fertility of soil because of loss of nutrients. It results into reduced growth of vegetation, reduced diversity of plant species, excessive growth of unwanted plant species, soil erosion, and degradation of land due to cattle movement. Population pressure also operates through other mechanisms. Soil degradation is the decline in soil condition caused by its improper use or poor management, usually for agricultural, industrial or urban purposes. Soil degradation refers to negative changes in the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil, whereas vegetation degradation is the reduction in the number of species and the vegetational composition. In land degradation, land that was once rich in nutrients and able to support diverse organisms becomes compromised. land degradation definition in English dictionary, land degradation meaning, synonyms, see also 'Land',Land',Adélie Land',Arnhem Land'. Naturally occurring, iron-sulphides underlie large areas of Australia’s low-lying coastal areas. For example, planting crops at a location with heavy rainfall and steep slopes would create scientific and environmental concern regarding the risk of soil erosion by water, yet farmers could view the location as a favourable one for high crop yields. Soils are a fundamental natural resource, and are the basis for all terrestrial life. This can be measured from a base line of past land use. Land erosion is also a serious problem caused by forest fires and land 1997. For reasons outlined above, poor farmers are led to clear forest, cultivate steep slopes without conservation, overgraze rangelands, make unbalanced fertilizer applications, and the other causes noted above. Deforestation is taking place at a faster rate due to increasing demands of timber, fuel and forest products which results into degradation of land resources. Often, the process of degradation is inextricably linked to loss of biodiversity and the impacts of climate change. The state of being degraded; degeneration. Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by one or more combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land. Search land degradation and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. • Poor land management practices include grazing of stock that has hard hooves, growing of crops that require large amounts of fertilisers and pesticides especially superphosphate and nitrogen, and irrigation for crops on sandy soils. In proper terminological definition, forest degradation is the decline of the capacity of a forest to produce healthy ecosystem products and services such as the provision of timber and other resources, support to biodiversity, carbon storage and so on as a result of environmental and anthropogenic changes. The degradation of land or of the environment is the process of its becoming damaged and poorer, for example because of the effects of pollution, industry, and modern agricultural methods . Definition Of Environmental Degradation. Causes include: Overcutting of vegetation occurs when people cut forests, woodlands and shrublands—to obtain timber, fuelwood and other products—at a pace exceeding the rate of natural regrowth. Soil degradation is, in itself, an indicator of land degradation. Journal of Environmental Quality 26: 581–589. Another problem is loss of soil caused by urbanization. Shifting ecological risk: increased vulnerability of the environment or people to destruction or crisis. Terminski, Bogumil, Towards Recognition and Protection of Forced Environmental Migrants in the Public International Law: Refugee or IDPs Umbrella (December 1, 2011). ... Related to degradation: Land degradation. Johnson, P. Lamb, M. Saul, and A.E. Following are some practises for controlling land degradation: It is & practice in which cultivated crops are sown in alternative strips to prevent water movement. 4. Geology A general lowering of the earth's surface by erosion or weathering. Desertification and Land Degradation Atlas of India. When these normally waterlogged soils are exposed to air by drainage or drought, the iron sulphides oxidise produc- tion (dĕg′rə-dā′shən) n. 1. Report a Violation, Land Degradation: Mechanisms and Causes of Land Degradation, Land Degradation: 9 Main Causes of Land Degradation, Mineral Resources: Useful Notes on the Types and Uses of Mineral Resources. Land Degradation As the land use section earlier in this chapter shows, demands on the land for economic development and pressures from a burgeoning population are leading to unprecedented land use change. The growing population pressure, during 1980–1990, has led to decreases in the already small areas of agricultural land per person in six out of eight countries (14% for India and 21% for Pakistan). 3. Natural hazards are excluded as a cause; however human activities can indirectly affect phenomena such as floods and bush fires. Avoiding soil degradation is crucial to our well-being. 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