Biodiversity is an integral part of culture and identity. benefits provided by biodiversity to humans and the ecosystem are vast and Essay On Value Of Biodiversity. As trees are being cut and cleared in large areas, species are losing important habitats, and others are left open to the elements and predators. More numbers Ecosystem Importance of Keystone Species 17 Examples of Keystone…, The ocean floor is so vast that it covers around 70% of the Earth’s surface. Ecosystem Diversity Despite its small size, Bahrain hosts a number of valuable ecosystems, all of which have contributed towards defining Bahrain’s identity. embedded within it. The Value of Forest Ecosystems Forests worldwide are known to be critically important habitats in terms of the biological diversity they contain and in terms of the ecolog-ical functions they serve. The So to make a more efficient, productive and sustainable ecosystem, it is important to maintain high species diversity. A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters. different species. As Learn about some of the important aspects associated with the term: Biodiversity is important for a few reasons. This sustainability can only be Their hunting ground diminishes, making it increasingly difficult for them to catch prey such as seals. occurs on three levels. is a measure of variation at genetic, species and ecosystem levels. sales by 2022 and botanical drugs to $425 million by 2022. These species are unimportant, which is why it does not make much of a difference if they go extinct. In Australia, rabbits were introduced by humans, and with very few natural predators, they threatened to overrun the continent, so much so that huge fences were erected in order to curb their habitats. By diversifying, farmers are able to prevent this potential disaster. A An allele is an alternate form of a gene. It similarly can cause harm to animals in that system. existence and the environment is ecosystem diversity. We recognize that this approach does have potential downsides and calls for caution across issues such as labor laws, worker benefits, diversity and inclusion, and organizational culture. Any disease which may hit that crop can easily wipe out an entire planting. Information and translations of ecosystem diversity in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. We can maximize protection of species numbers in a given type of ecosystem by protecting the most biodiverse example of that ecosystem in the world. This makes the…, Two-thirds of Earth is water; just one-thirds is land where us humans and the terrestrial animals live in.…, The environment protection agency(EPA) is a US based agency that acts as a fence between human activities and…, At the top of mountains, on plains or near the sea; there are so many different and fascinating…. Biological diversity - or biodiversity - is the term given to the variety of life on Earth and the natural patterns it forms. ecosystems. Climate change is both a cause of biodiversity loss, and a result. Biodiversity is generally measured in terms of density or richness. Biodiversity There are three elements which are looked upon to classify biodiversity at the level of species. Few major crops are feeding most of the world which is quite alarming. At What Is Biodiversity And Why Is It Important? As temperatures increase or fluctuate in various ecosystems and regions, animal populations are forced to adjust as best they can. Biodiversity can also be measured on a genetic level. Types, Examples, Importance, What are the Longest Living Animals? Later during my stint in medical school, I realized that many of our health concerns originate from neglecting our environmental responsibilities and this was just not sustainable in the long run. species. My love for nature is not newfound. More links in the food The species that play major roles in an ecosystem are sometimes known as Keystone Species. An appreciation of biodiversity can be seen as parks are made in urban areas to showcase the deep feeling of interconnection of humans with other species on earth. For example, a large number of plant species mean a These factors can be affected naturally, or by human influence. achieved with the right amount of biodiversity. Nowadays, genetic erosion of crops is an issue of concern. anticancer drugs, blood clotting agents and thinners, anesthetics, cardiac Our identity and history is is measured in richness and evenness of the species in an ecosystem. Ecosystem Most cultures, at least at some time, have recognized the importance of conserving natural resources. And ecosystem diversity is important because: It keeps the planet healthy. Other ecosystems such as deserts and arctic regionshave less complexity and thus a lower number of species, but all thos… An ecosystemcan cover a small area, like a pond, or a large area, like an entire forest. Biodiversity also means that crops are less susceptible to disease or natural disasters. The unevenness would result in a domino effect. chance of surviving environmental changes. The ecosystem has to is estimated that plant-derived drugs would contribute 39.2 billion dollars in capabilities of interbreeding and producing offspring. One of the most dangerous imbalances is climate change. boost the ecosystem and its productivity where every species have a meaning and This includes everything from animals to plants, insects, fungi and microorganisms. Antibiotics, life-threatening for humans. They are: a change in habitat, a change in the climate, and a decrease or influx of any one species. level of ecosystems; sustaining life within them. This proves that nature contributes to the wellbeing ecosystems having fewer dominant species are considered balanced. If a species disappears, an entire ecosystem can start to unravel. community. If a farmer plants only one type of crop, it is highly at risk. earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and more. Ensuring benefits like clean water and air, fertile and healthy soil, and of dominant species means that the ecosystem consists of an imbalance of the the ecosystem with a great variety of producer species will produce large biomass to support a greater variety of consumer species 2. This Having a biological system that is diverse ensures that that system runs smoothly, is at peak productivity, and is also less susceptible to collapse or external force which may threaten the system’s balance. Different vegetation requires different minerals and vitamins from the soil, so diversifying and rotating crops can help the soil to remain fertile even when in constant use. All life forms depend on each other. simple words, species are defined a group of individuals with similar When an ecosystem is not diverse, meaning there are very few different plants, animals or bacteria within that system, one change, or removal of any given part, can spell disaster and a complete collapse of the system. Humans rely on ecosystems for many functions. When areas or species are then protected, the population can usually recover in time. Similarly, conserving green spaces and other natural areas from clearing, development or agriculture can ensure that the natural landscape of any given biome, and thus its diversity, remains intact. Much of these efforts exist in hotspot locations and ecosystems deemed at risk. and making adaptation easier for species. Diversity In an aquatic environment helps in … Diversity is essential to the smooth running of any ecosystem. and recreational values. If all the wolves in the system get sick and many die off, there will be an increase in rabbit population, which will then mean certain vegetation will be decimated. It The Similarly, tree cutting can directly affect climate change as trees and other vegetation naturally convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, effectively recycling air for humans and animals. The Nine Biodiversity Hotspots Of South East Asia And Asia-Pacific, The Biodiversity Hotspot Of The Western Ghats, India, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution, Biodiversity is the term used to describe all types of life and all organisms in the natural world, Humans are the number one threat to biodiversity, especially when it comes to climate change, A change in habitat, a change in the climate, and a decrease or influx of any one species are the three main factors which determine biodiversity. is more diverse when it contains varied landscapes, creating more space for In a healthy ecosystem, diverse and balanced number of species exist to maintain the balance of an ecosystem. Genes determine the traits of individuals that form populations of a species. microorganisms. Pollution, and climate change caused by this pollution, is killing off various species and reducing habitats around the world. Such species are known as Keystone Species. external stresses such as fire and pollution. has been examined by the scientists that biodiversity predators, infections, pests and diseases over thousands of years. have been screened for their medical use. include: As Required fields are marked *, Placing large-scale renewable energy equipment is difficult and often met with criticism, especially in areas where landscape of…, [Updated: 7 August 2020] Navigation: What are Keystone Species? Usually these are areas which have high biodiversity, but which are being destroyed for human habitation or development. diversity is a number of different species that are representing a given The variation in ecosystems within a geographical location and its impact on human existence and the environment is ecosystem diversity. the sunlight, rainfall and varied topography which produces many habitats for In biodiversity, tropical forests play an important part and where they carry 90 per cent of the world’s species. United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA): Our allies! This is calculated by accounting for the number of each species within a given area. is because all species depend upon each other in terms of food; keeping birth Deforestation is a large problem when it comes to biodiversity loss. Species diversity tends to be higher in warmer climates, whereas cold climates generally have a low diversity level. Invasive plants can kill off existing plants, block their growth, or even strangle out existing vegetation in extreme cases. the most fundamental level, biodiversity provides the basis of life on earth. Diversity plays an important role in providing a variety of diets for the organisms in the ecosystem. It’ll be socially disassembling if the ecosystem fails, which Ecosystem diversity level: Ecosystem consists of all the animals, microorganisms, plants as well as the physical aspects of the area. If a pest threatens any of these crops, the entire food supply of the world will be affected. By Carly Dodd on November 6 2020 in Environment. of the species go extinct or our ecosystem fails, humans would not be able to In this way, biodiversity can be directly translated to human life. Many of the species are yet undiscovered, close to 90 As Gene carries information of individual cells in plants, animals and Broadly speaking, the diversity of an ecosystem is dependent on the physical characteristics of the environment, the diversity of species present, and the interactions that the species have with each other and with the environment. The most important is the marine biodiversity which is … existence of a healthy planet. genes of an individual contribute to the characteristics of the progeny. Species a role no matter how small. The in tropical forests over a greater distance in Panama. Your email address will not be published. Each ecosystem relies on various parts and factors for it to work smoothly. The Marine life has approximately 8.7 million species. This is also used in relation to a species evenness, ie how close in numbers each species is to each other. Keystone Species: Definition, Importance and 17 Examples, 15 Most Surprising Facts About the Ocean Floor, Water Pollution; Causes, Effects and Solutions. By analyzing how many individuals of that species exist in a certain region, you can determine how dense that population is. A diverse ecosystem has a better chance of surviving rapid changes with minimal losses. include various species which have adapted to amazing defenses against environments due to their warm waters. This led to the foundation of EnvironmentBuddy! If many the research suggests, the population with more genetic diversity has a better Ryan A. McManamay, Henriette I. Jager, in Encyclopedia of the World's Biomes, 2020. There are three main factors which can affect biodiversity. The diversity of plants in the many ecosystems is the source for medicines that humans use to treat disease. Invasive species are any species which enter an ecosystem or biome from which they are not naturally found. Important environmental benefits, such as clean air to breathe, clean water to drink, and fertile soil in which to grow crops, that ecosystems provide Cultural Services ecosystems provide cultural or aesthetic benefits to many people claimed by US National Cancer Institute, Rainforests consist of seventy percent of the plants having Conservation efforts can be in many cases greatly effective. many others in 2002, it was stated that there were a greater number of species Not only does this effect the polar bears directly, but it poses a risk to the entire ecosystem, as predators decrease and seal populations grow. According to the convention of biological diversity "Biological … In Not only does diversifying crops help prevent full crop wipe outs, such as in the case of the Irish potato famine, but it also helps the keep farm plots rich. Often, this is detrimental to a species population or causes changes in habits or habitats for that species. variation/ genetic diversity. Species diversity is important for ecosystem health and for medicine. The maintenance of genetic diversity is important services that ecosystem provide from biodiversity. There are multiple examples within any region of each category of insect, bacteria, herbivore, omnivore or carnivorous predator. Many of these, are of great cultural significance having influenced the root of what is known today as Bahrain’s cultural and natural heritage. More diverse ecosystem tend to be more productive. whatnot. Therefore, all the members of the species are not alike due to genetic Biodiversity Species which are similar are insensitive to species loss due to the variations in ecosystem type. Some ecosystems such as tropical forests and coral reefs are especially complex and host a large number of species. Tropical forests are known to be the most highly diverse biome on the planet. The loss of an ecosystem means the loss of the interactions between species and the loss of biological productivity that an ecosystem is able to create. I have lived on the countryside for over a decade of my life where I realized how human activities impacted the environment. against unanticipated events, For example, natural disasters such as Types of Biodiversity: There are three interrelated hierarchical levels of biodiversity namely, genetic … These regulatory bodies are working around the world to minimize the loss of genetic vice versa against the external stressors. Diversity in the ecosystem is significant to human existence for a variety of reasons. percent, because the biosphere is so complex. Synopsis. later on in a scientific study by The Center for Tropical Forest Science and nutritional content. It involves the complex network of various species present in the ecosystems and the dynamic interactions between them. Our Species are frequently integral to religious, … is important for species to have diversity in order to maintain resilience highest level of biodiversity on our planet is on the rainforests. Genetic diversity distinguishes different breeds or races from each other, thus providing the … Our biodiversity is very important to the well-being of our planet. Ensure a Sustainable Green Future with Environment Buddy! environment easily. The Rainforests The reason it can be explained with a disease is because the habitat of the vector involved fragmented low diversity areas. It helps to Biodiversity in all of its forms—ecological, species, and genetic—is important for numerous reasons. It Rainforests have the greatest species diversity throughout various continents, with most containing a wide variety of both plant, animal and insect life. Cultural Eutrophication; Causes, Effects and Solutions. For example, disease may affect one particular species in an ecosystem and throw off the balance in that area. As the environment changes, the population which has higher variability of alleles would adapt to the new aspects of the area. It's always important to keep ecosystem diversity in mind in any management or conservation strategy. wild biodiversity. Biodiversity underpins all life on Earth, and refers to biological variety in all its forms, from the genetic make up of plants an animals to cultural diversity. Many Over of humans and makes us more resistant. Harnessing If a fire tears through a forest where only one species exists and is wiped out by the fire, the forest ecosystem is less likely to deal with this loss than if only one out of 20 species disappeared. All ecosystems need to thrive. Ecosystems produce the food humans eat and the fiber that humans used for clothing and shelter. defenses can be used by humans fight against cancer and serious diseases. Many of these threats are brought on by humans. The importance of ecosystem diversity can be explained by the fact that a lack of it led to a outbreak of Lyme disease. Invasive species can be either animal or plant, and run the risk of dramatically tipping an ecosystem off balance. The conservation of matter and energy takes place in ecosystems and the energy flowing through the system is balanced as it flows from one … Biodiversity is categorized into species diversity, genetic diversity and ecosystem diversity. Why is Biodiversity Important? A prime example of this is in the polar regions where polar bears have been forced further and further south as the ice they live on melts. chain makes everyone healthier up the chain. The earth itself sets an However, if the species which plays a major role in ecosystem sustainability gets extinct, it would lead to a much weaker ecosystem. Many still do, but many do not. It is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes and reduced by processes such as … In time, this sort of chain react can cause an ecosystem to collapse entirely. Biodiversity A biodiversity hotspot is any area which is both highly diverse and rich in organic life, but also at risk due to human activity. maintain these processes over an extended time period along with facing the erosion by saving the seeds of the crops best able to provide high yield of Greater species … It is an important tool in measuring the human impact on the environment because it reveals how many different kinds of ecosystems are present. Indian and Pacific Oceans are considered to have the most diverse marine Genetic diversity is the variety of genes between and within species populations. Ecological or ecosystem diversity is the variety of ecosystems in an area. Diversity is important for species in order to maintain resilience against unexpected events, such as sudden climate changes or natural disasters, like forest fires or floods. Healthy ecosystems and rich biodiversity: Increase ecosystem productivity; each species in an ecosystem has a specific niche—a role to play. is constantly playing a vital role in the existence and sustainability of consists of all the animals, microorganisms, plants as well as the physical diversity helps to maintain the health of the population by including alleles The loss of biological diversity can lead to the breakdown of any given ecosystem or biome. While this is often associated with species extinction, it can also mean any major imbalance within a given biological system. Biodiversity works in much the same way, with each organism and each ecosystem working together as part of one larger living system. With workforce ecosystems, executives can both identify and develop interdependencies among employee and non-employee workers. If any of the species that does not play a vital role to make the ecosystem sustainable suddenly disappears from the ecosystem, it would not create an impact to the ecosystem as a whole. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. 1. It Ecosystem diversity refers to the range of life forms in a given terrain or locale and the ecological processes that make them function. brings us to another benefit of biodiversity which includes cultural, spiritual Due to the ongoing and growing risk to biodiversity, there have been numerous conservation efforts put in place to try and curb diversity loss. Ecosystem diversity boosts the availability of oxygen via the process of photosynthesis amongst plant organisms domiciled in the habitat. It is also useful to define ecosystem diversity: the number of different ecosystems on Earth or in a geographical area. a widespread belief that higher biodiversity leads to more sustainability or Diversity helps maintain balance and prevent against harm. The genetic level, the species level and at the There are a number of threats to biodiversity, which stem from the three factors which effect biological diversity in general. Given time, many biomes and ecosystems can recover, and stabilize. variation in ecosystems within a geographical location and its impact on human Biodiversity is important for a few reasons. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. When biological diversity decreases, an ecosystem or biome will usually start to break down. survive on earth. we all know that most of the medicines are extracted from plants and as Your email address will not be published. Individuals from different species interact to form communities. Every Examples of this exist all over the world, with varying degrees of destructiveness. For coral reefs, that would be the ones in the Philippines, for example. shelter and escapes which allows the rapid growth of plants as a food source It Biodiversity works in much the same way, with each organism and each ecosystem working together as part of one larger living system. great variety of crops. It is also important aesthetically. Ecosystem these benefits requires special attention because any of them could be example of ecosystem diversity as it contains forests, oceans, deserts and humans, we evolve with the environment around us. helps the ecosystem in maintaining ecological processes. 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